24 de março de 2013

Leituras Digitais (10 a 23 de Março)



Rubrica semanal de notícias e artigos relacionados com a edição de livros digitais.

A UNESCO aprovou o Manifesto da IFLA para as Bibliotecas Digitais, na sua 36ª Conferência Geral (em novembro 2011). O Manifesto apresenta princípios para ajudar as bibliotecas na realização de atividades de digitalização sustentáveis ​​e inter-operáveis ​​para colmatar o fosso digital - um fator fundamental para alcançar os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento do programa Milénio das Nações Unidas.
Last week Apple followed Amazon with a patent application to create a service which many fear would wreck the digital booktrade – a used ebook market.Some will suggest that it will never happen and that the lack of a first sale doctrine on digital files, be they, software, music or ebooks is covered by law. Others will suggest that the law may bow to consumer pressure and the arguments against resale of digital files are not in the interests of the consumer. Whatever the point of view, the consumer awareness is now being raised and the issue is being tested in the courts. We first wrote about Redigi last year and still await the US court ruling, but we already have seen a the software case brought by Oracle fail in the German court. Redigi has also stated its intent to come to Europe and to not just sell music but also ebooks.
The prognosis for print in the twenty first century is not unlike that of painting in mid-nineteenth century. The invention of photography in the 1840s challenged the main purpose of painting – to convey a visually accurate and informative view of the world. Yet a number of painters, Cezanne et al, realised they were no longer required to represent the world accurately. Instead they were free to paint how they felt. Painting thus became about a human motional relationship with the world. Painting became a significant cultural force and painters became celebrities.Now that digital media is doing what print used to, print is free to do something else. Print is free from the yolk of information. For those in the print media, wrestling with the question of how to understand its future purpose, this throws up a difficult question: how can a medium relinquish its fundamental utility and still be viable?
Online fiction is a remote world, peopled by elves, dragons and whey-faced vampires. At least that is the view shared by millions of devoted readers of the printed novel. But now serious British literary talent is aiming to colonise territory occupied until now by fantasy authors and amateur fan-fiction writers.
The Authors Guild and the Association of American Publishers oppose the Internet retail giant's plan to control so-called generic top-level domains (gTLD) that end in suffixes .book, .author, and .read, arguing that such influence would be anti-competitive."Placing such generic domains in private hands is plainly anticompetitive, allowing already dominant, well-capitalized companies to expand and entrench their market power," Authors Guild President Scott Turow wrote to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, or ICANN, the nonprofit that oversees the world's Internet domain names. "The potential for abuse seems limitless."
Without a doubt, digital is leveling the playing field—a point The Paris Review’s Lorin Stein mentioned. “I think this moment belongs to little magazines,” Stein said. “While subscriptions to the glossies keep going down across the board, ours keep going up. Their ad sales are plummeting; over the last year, ours more than doubled.” Stein reported that nearly all of The Paris Review’s subscriptions—both to the print and digital editions—are sold online, its app has been downloaded 10,000 times, and its online interview archive has drawn over 550,000 visits. “The important thing is for every magazine to do what it alone does best,” said Stein. “Our stories don’t need soundtracks. Our interviews don’t need video ‘enhancements.’ We’re not in the movie business. The trick with new technologies and platforms is figuring out how they can help you—rather than tailoring your mission to match what they can do.”
Quanto aos livros físicos, eles permanecerão como fiéis e impassíveis soldados britânicos. Quem souber utilizar todo o seu potencial para comunicar uma mensagem, terá nas mãos um instrumento eficaz, com cheiro, cores, formas e texturas. Mesmo assim, o livro físico é incapaz de migrar para a terceira ordem, a não ser como uma fiel representação digital. A lógica do códice, introduzida há um milênio para substituir o uso de papiros e peles, permanecerá sendo a sua alma. No livro, os artistas têm um excelente suporte para trabalhar livremente toda a sua subjetividade.
Just over a quarter of Americans currently buy ebooks and nearly half plan to do so in a year’s time, according to a new survey from free ebook service Bookboon.According to the survey, conducted in person and over the internet among nearly 6,000 U.S. adults, 27.1% currently buy ebooks and 22.7% expect to within a year, meaning that by 2014 about half of Americans will be buying ebooks.
Europeana Newspapers is planning to digitize more than 18 million newspaper pages.The project recently completed its first year of work and a meeting was held at the National Library of France (BNF).
Assim como mais de 22 mil bibliotecas em diversas partes do mundo, tanto públicas quanto de escolas e universidades, a de Nova York usa um sistema chamado OverDrive, que armazena e-books em uma nuvem e oferece empréstimos por tempo limitado, variável conforme o título. Muitos deles têm filas de espera. Por isso, nenhum pode ser renovado, mas pode ser “retirado” novamente se não houver reserva.
O modelo atrai o interesse até de quem vive longe dos Estados Unidos ou do Reino Unido, dois países com grande quantidade de acervos digitais, e surge a pergunta: por que liberar o acesso apenas aos moradores de uma determinada cidade ou bairro? Por que não permitir, por exemplo, que um brasileiro possa emprestar um e-book no Texas? As instituições dizem que o impedimento é econômico, já que são os impostos locais que ajudam a sustentar as iniciativas.
Form is essential to the art, Miller says. Line breaks, stanza breaks and pacing — that’s the poetry; otherwise it’s just words. And form, he says, is precisely what gets lost when poems get converted to e-readers, which is why Miller doesn’t publish on e-readers. He says they don’t honor his work.That’s a widespread feeling among his fellow poets and a debate that can pit poetry purists against futurists. “The technology has to get it right,” says Miller. Or poets won’t use it.
New York Times E-Book Best Sellers

A version of this list appears in the March 31, 2013 issue of The New York Times Book Review. Rankings reflect sales for the week ending March 16, 2013.

E-Book Fiction

1.     WAIT FOR YOU, by J. Lynn
2.     ALEX CROSS, RUN, by James Patterson
3.     THREE SISTERS, by Susan Mallery
4.     MIRROR IMAGE, by Sandra Brown
5.     THE STORYTELLER, by Jodi Picoult

E-Book Nonfiction

1.     LEAN IN, by Sheryl Sandberg with Nell Scovell
2.     UNTIL I SAY GOOD-BYE, by Susan Spencer-Wendel with Bret Witter
3.     PROOF OF HEAVEN, by Eben Alexander
4.     DRINKING AND TWEETING, by Brandi Glanville with Leslie Bruce
5.     AMERICAN SNIPER, by Chris Kyle with Scott McEwen and Jim DeFelice
           
Wall Street Journal E-Book Best Sellers (Week Ended March 3)

Nonfiction E-Books
TITLE
AUTHOR / PUBLISHER
THIS WEEK
LAST
WEEK
Lean In
1
New
Sheryl Sandberg/Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
The Blood Sugar Solution
2
Mark Hyman/Little, Brown
We Were Soldiers Once...and Young
3
Harold G. Moore, Joseph L. Galloway/Open Road
Until I Say Good-Bye
4
New
Susan Spencer-Wendel with Bret Witter/HarperCollins
Proof of Heaven
5
6
Eben Alexander/Simon & Schuster
Drinking and Tweeting
6
7
Brandi Glanville with Leslie Bruce/Gallery Books
The Blood Sugar Solution Cookbook
7
Mark Hyman/Little, Brown
American Sniper
8
5
Chris Kyle with Scott McEwan, Jim DeFelice/HarperCollins
Killing Kennedy
9
Bill O'Reilly, Martin Dugard/Henry Holt & Co.
The Four Agreements
10
4
Don Miguel Ruiz/Amber-Allen Publishing

Fiction E-Books
TITLE
AUTHOR / PUBLISHER
THIS WEEK
LAST
WEEK
Wait for You
1
2
J. Lynn/J. Lynn
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
2
C.S. Lewis/HarperCollins
Alex Cross, Run
3
4
James Patterson/Little, Brown
Three Sisters
4
Susan Mallery/Harlequin
Mirror Image
5
3
Sandra Brown/Grand Central Publishing
The Magician's Nephew
6
C.S. Lewis/HarperCollins
The Storyteller
7
8
Jodi Picoult/Atria/Emily Bestler Books
Prince Caspian
8
C.S. Lewis/HarperCollins
The Horse and His Boy
9
C.S. Lewis/HarperCollins
The Silver Chair
10
C.S. Lewis/HarperCollins

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